Introduction How Illuminated Manuscripts Were Made Typical Contents Decorations and Illuminations Irish Illuminated Manuscripts in Context Chronological List of Selected Gospel Manuscripts Legacy of Irish Illuminations Medieval Book Painting (c.1000-1500) Note: According to radiocarbon dating tests, the world's oldest illuminated gospel manuscripts are the Ethiopian Garima Gospels (c.390-660 CE) and the Syrian Rabbula Gospels (c.586 CE). Types of Religious Gospel Manuscripts The rise of the manuscript coincided with the spread of Christianity, and many of the early texts were produced specifically to aid in the process of conversion.In the Celtic areas of western Europe, the most important kind of text was the Gospel Book. There were the portable 'Pocket Gospels', which missionaries carried with them on their evangelical expeditions; there were the scholarly editions, used for study and research in monastic libraries; and there were the lavishly embellished types, complete with full-page religious paintings and decorative calligraphy. In most cases, they were either on open view on the high altar, or displayed during feast days and special processions.Their vessels of riveted sheet bronze were seen and copied by itinerant Irish smiths about the eighth or seventh century BC.Soon cauldrons began to made in Britain too, though there were rare at first and were probably reserved for ritual meals rather than everyday use. The new containers could be placed directly over the flames of a fire.Positive reviews in war-gaming magazines suggested that it presented a plausible, scholarly case. Almost every bookshop in the UK has at least half a shelf of this sort of book about 'King Arthur'.Written by amateur enthusiasts, each reveals a different 'truth' about the lost king of the Britons.This Insular art form of book illustration, which emerged from a fusion of early Biblical art, traditional Celtic culture and design, with Anglo-Saxon techniques, took place as Irish missionaries, monasteries and monastic art spread across Ireland (eg.Kildare, Durrow, Clonmacnois, Clonfert, Kells and Monasterboice), Scotland (eg. Lindisfarne off the coast of Northumbria) in the seventh and eighth centuries.
One of the most famous forms of Medieval art, Irish illustrated manuscripts like the Book of Durrow (c.650-680) and the Book of Kells (c.800), were some of the first decorated Christian gospel texts, dating from the early seventh century CE.
Ancient Celtic fare Much is known about what ancient Celtic foods, dining customs, and cooking methods: "The eating and feasting habits of the Celts were recorded by a number of classical writers, the most important of these being Posidonius, a Syrian Greek philosopher who in his Histories provides eyewitness accounts of the Gauls in the 1st Century BC. Detailed accounts are also found throughout the corpus of early medieval Irish saga literature, much of which is believed to reflect Iron Age Celtic society.
Although his work does not survive intact, it was an important sources of information for a number of later Greek writers, notably Diodorus Siculus (1st century BC) and Athenaeus (fl. Athenaus, quoting Posidonious, describes the informal feasting arrangements of the Celts as follows: 'the Celts place dried grass on the floor when they eat their meals, using tables which are raised slightly off the ground.' The classical material indicates that the feast was centered around the cauldron and roasting spits and was characterized by an abundance of roasted and boiled meat, which were eaten with bare hands...feast was a ceremonial manifestation of the warfaring nature of society." ---Oxford Compantion to Food, Alan Davidson [Oxford University Press: Oxford] 1999 (p.
THE case against a former Celtic youth coach and kit man charged with a child sex offence will be heard this week in a Belfast court.
Jim Mc Cafferty, 71, who now lives in Northern Ireland, was charged with engaging in sexual activity with a child aged 13 to 16 between December 2011 and December 2014.